About Canada in General
Canada could be quite different from your home country, which means there is a great deal to learn about and explore before you arrive here. Not only about Immigration in Canada
, but information that you learn about the country regardless of immigration. These pages will introduce you to important features of this country, such as the Canadian climate and way of life.
Although Canada has a huge landmass, most of its 31 million people—80 percent—live in towns and cities in the southern areas of the country. Most of Canada’s population lives within 250 km of the United States border.
Canada has 25 cities with populations of more than 100,000, but which account for less than one percent of Canada’s landmass. With 31 million people, Canada is the 33rd largest country in the world in terms of population.
Family life in Canada
Canada respects all types of families. Family life in Canada is as diverse as its people. While many families are made up of two parents with children, there are many other types of families as well. In Canada, you may form the type of family that works best for you.
For example, Canada has over one million single-parent families, with women heading most. There are hundreds of thousands of stepfamilies—created when adults who already have children marry one another—and many common-law unions (unmarried people who live together) with and without children.
Sometimes grandparents raise their grandchildren or uncles and aunts raise their nieces and nephews. Some parents adopt children. Other families are made up of same-sex couples, with or without children, and many couples have no children. Sometimes extended families live together, with parents, children, uncles, aunts, cousins and grandparents all living under one roof.
It is common in Canada for two-parent families to have both parents working outside the home.
Canadians value their right to vote and to decide who will govern their country. Canada is a democracy. This means Canadian citizens have many rights—and the power to change laws and the way governments at all levels work.
Canadians do this by electing people to act for them at the federal, provincial and territorial, and municipal levels. These people, called representatives, form the government and must respect the laws of the country.
To preserve their rights, Canadians must also live up to certain responsibilities, such as to obey laws and to respect the rights and freedoms of others. It is also an important responsibility to support Canada’s democratic system by voting in elections.
Health Care System in Canada
Canadians are proud on Canadian Health Care System. Canada’s health insurance system is set up to respond to people’s need for health care rather than their ability to pay for it. Often referred to as medicare, the system is designed to make sure that all residents of Canada have reasonable access to health care from doctors and hospitals.
Instead of having a single national plan, Canada’s health care program is made up of provincial and territorial health insurance plans, all of which share certain common features and standards.
All Canadians and permanent residents may apply for health insurance. When you have health insurance you do not have to pay directly for most health-care services. They are paid for through your taxes. When you use health-care services, you simply show your health insurance card to the hospital or medical clinic.